What do mesangial cells respond to?
Mesangial cells can generate interleukin 1 and platelet-derived growth factor and respond to these in an autocrine manner. Thus, the mesangial cell not only can control glomerular filtration, but may also be involved in the response to local injury, including cell proliferation and basement membrane remodeling.
What activates the renin-angiotensin mechanism?
Typically, RAAS is activated when there is a drop in blood pressure (reduced blood volume) to increase water and electrolyte reabsorption in the kidney; which compensates for the drop in blood volume, thus increasing blood pressure.
What is the role of RAS in kidney?
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been known for more than a century as a cascade that regulates body fluid balance and blood pressure. Angiotensin II(Ang II) has many functions in different tissues; however it is on the kidney that this peptide exerts its main functions.
What is the function of renin from the juxtaglomerular cells?
The juxtaglomerular cells, derived from smooth muscle cells, of the afferent arteriole secrete renin when blood pressure in the arteriole falls. Renin increases blood pressure via the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.
What stimulates mesangial cells?
Endothelial precursor cells secrete platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-B and mesangial cells have receptors for PDGF. This induces mesangial cells to attach to endothelial cells causing developing blood vessels to loop resulting in convoluted capillaries.
What do mesangial cells release?
Intraglomerular mesangial cells synthesize and secrete the extracellular matrix. It contains fibronectin, type IV collagen, perlecan, and laminin.
How does renin angiotensin mechanism regulate the functions of kidney?
When renal blood flow is reduced, juxtaglomerular cells in the kidneys convert the precursor prorenin (already present in the blood) into renin and secrete it directly into circulation. Plasma renin then carries out the conversion of angiotensinogen, released by the liver, to angiotensin I.
How does renin angiotensin mechanism help regulate kidney function?
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is a well known regulator of blood pressure (BP) and determinant of target-organ damage. It controls fluid and electrolyte balance through coordinated effects on the heart, blood vessels, and Kidneys.
What is the renin and angiotensin system responsible for?
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is a series of reactions designed to help regulate blood pressure. When blood pressure falls (for systolic, to 100 mm Hg or lower), the kidneys release the enzyme renin into the bloodstream.
What stimulates renin release?
Renin release is stimulated by nitric oxide and by prostanoids released by neighboring endothelial and macula densa cells.