How cardiovascular drugs are classified?
Cardiovascular drugs can be broadly categorized as 1) anti-anginals, 2) anti-arrhythmics, 3) anti-hypertensives, 4) anti- coagulants, 5) anti-hyperlipidemic agents, 6) hypo-glycemic agents, and 7) anti-thyroid drugs and thyroid hormones. This chapter includes a discussion of the first four categories.
Which of the following are the drugs acting on vascular system?
Types of Cardiovascular agents
- agents for hypertensive emergencies.
- agents for pulmonary hypertension.
- aldosterone receptor antagonists.
- Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors.
- angiotensin receptor blockers.
- angiotensin receptor blockers and neprilysin inhibitors.
- antiadrenergic agents, centrally acting.
What are the main classes of drug used to treat hypertension?
The classes of blood pressure medications include:
- ACE inhibitors.
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers.
- Calcium channel blockers.
- Alpha blockers.
- Alpha-2 Receptor Agonists.
- Combined alpha and beta-blockers.
How do you administer a heart medication?
Maintenance doses of cardiac drugs are generally administered at even time intervals in order to maintain therapeutic serum levels. Intravenous infusions of medications should NEVER be interrupted or stopped for IVPB medications, IV pushes, or other intravenous interventions.
What are the common classifications of drugs used in the respiratory and cardiovascular systems?
Respiratory and Cardiovascular Drug Actions
- Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs. Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Drugs. Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Drugs.
- Cholinergic Drugs. Anticholinesterase Drugs. Cholinergic Blocking Drugs.
- Carotid Baroreceptors. Functional Reflex.
- Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs. Anticholinergics. Methylxanthines.
What are the classes of antiarrhythmic drugs?
Antiarrhythmic drug classes:
- Class I – Sodium-channel blockers.
- Class II – Beta-blockers.
- Class III – Potassium-channel blockers.
- Class IV – Calcium-channel blockers.
- Miscellaneous – adenosine. – electrolyte supplement (magnesium and potassium salts) – digitalis compounds (cardiac glycosides)
Which thiazide is used for hypertension?
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) and chlorthalidone are both thiazide diuretics recommended as first-choice options for treating high blood pressure because of their benefits on heart health and overall death rates.
What are the four major modes of treatment for hypertension?
Medications used to treat high blood pressure include:
- Diuretics. Diuretics, sometimes called water pills, are medications that help your kidneys eliminate sodium and water from the body.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs).
- Calcium channel blockers.
What are the three medication categories prescribed for a number of cardiovascular ailments?
The Big 6 Heart Medications
- Statins — to lower LDL cholesterol.
- Aspirin — to prevent blood clots.
- Clopidogrel — to prevent blood clots.
- Warfarin — to prevent blood clots.
- Beta-blockers — to treat heart attack and heart failure and sometimes used to lower blood pressure.
What are the classes of pharmacotherapy for cardiac arrhythmias?
Pharmacotherapy for Cardiac Arrhythmias Class I Antiarrhythmic Drugs: Sodium Channel Blockers Class II: β-Adrenergic Receptor Antagonists Class III: Agents That Block Potassium Channels and Prolong Repolarization Class IV: Calcium Channel Antagonists Other Antiarrhythmic Agents
Which drug classes are used to treat hypertension?
13. Drug Classes Used to Treat Hypertension • Diuretics • Sympatholytic drugs • Vasodilator drugs • Calcium antagonist drugs • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blocking drugs 14.
What is Propranolol Class 2 antiarrhythmic?
Propranolol • Classified as a class 2 antiarrhythmic drug • Primarily blocks cardiac beta receptors to slow heart rate, AV conduction, and prolong the refractory period • ECG: mainly increases the PR interval • Used for both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias 42.
What is verapamil and diltiazem Class 4?
Verapamil and Diltiazem • Classified as class 4 antiarrhythmic drugs • Act by blocking calcium ions • Main effects are to decrease heart rate and AV conduction, increase the PR interval • Mainly used to treat supraventricular arrhythmias • May cause cardiac depression at higher doses 44.