How serious is dysplasia in the colon?
“Dysplasia” is a term that describes how much your polyp looks like cancer under the microscope. Polyps that are only mildly abnormal are said to have low-grade (mild or moderate) dysplasia, while polyps that are more abnormal and look more like cancer are said to have high-grade (severe) dysplasia.
What does dysplasia mean in the colon?
Dysplasia is a term that describes how much your polyp looks like cancer under the microscope: Polyps that are only mildly abnormal (don’t look much like cancer) are said to have low-grade (mild or moderate) dysplasia.
What causes dysplasia in the colon?
The risk for dysplasia and colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is largely influenced by chronicity of the disease, age of diagnosis, past familial record, and evidence of ongoing active colonic inflammation including the area of colonic involvement and concurrent existence of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) .
Is colon dysplasia a cancer?
If dysplasia is seen in the polyp after it’s removed. Dysplasia is another pre-cancerous condition. It means there’s an area in a polyp or in the lining of the colon or rectum where the cells look abnormal, but they haven’t become cancer.
How is dysplasia treated?
Treatment for moderate-to-severe dysplasia or mild dysplasia that does not go away may include: Cryosurgery to freeze abnormal cells. Laser therapy, which uses light to burn away abnormal tissue. LEEP (loop electrosurgical excision procedure), which uses electricity to remove abnormal tissue.
Can dysplasia be reversed?
In most cases, mild dysplasia resolves on its own and doesn’t become cancerous. Your doctor may recommend follow-up in a year to check for additional changes. If you have severe dysplasia (CIN II or III), your doctor may recommend treatment, such as surgery or other procedures to remove the abnormal cells.