What are intervertebral discs classified as?
An intervertebral disc (or intervertebral fibrocartilage) lies between adjacent vertebrae in the vertebral column….
|Part of||Vertebral column|
|Function||Fibrocartilaginous joint between spinal vertebrae|
What are chondrodystrophic breeds?
Chondrodystrophic breeds have the short leg, long body look. Classic examples include Dachshunds, Basset Hounds, Beagles, Corgis, English Bulldogs, and others. A chondrodystrophic dog can be a purebred or a mixed breed that inherited the short leg appearance.
How are disc herniations measured?
The size and location of disc herniation are measured at the level of maximal extrusion in reference to a single intra-facet line drawn transversely across the lumbar canal, to and from the medial edges of the right and left facet joint articulations (Fig. 1).
What is herniation of disc?
A herniated disk occurs when a portion of the nucleus pushes through a crack in the annulus. Symptoms may occur if the herniation compresses a nerve. A herniated disk refers to a problem with one of the rubbery cushions (disks) that sit between the individual bones (vertebrae) that stack to make your spine.
What are the intervertebral discs made of quizlet?
Intervertebral disks are made up of a series of tough outer rings called Annulus Fibrosus and a soft gelatinous inner Nucleus Puplosus.
What is CDDY and Cdpa?
Chondrodysplasia (CDPA) is a general term used to describe a genetic skeletal trait affecting the development of cartilage growth plates. It is generally characterized by a normal sized trunk and shorter than normal limbs. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to abnormal cartilage growth and bone development.
What is most common type of disc herniation and why?
Disc herniation can occur in any disc in the spine, but the two most common forms are lumbar disc herniation and cervical disc herniation. The former is the most common, causing low back pain (lumbago) and often leg pain as well, in which case it is commonly referred to as sciatica.
What are the most common types of disc injuries?
Herniated Disc or Slipped Disc. One of the more common disc problems is known as a herniated disc, sometimes also referred to as a slipped disc or ruptured disc.
What are the different types of herniated discs?
Three Basic Types of Herniated Discs
- Contained Herniation (Protrusion) Contained herniations are often referred to as “bulging discs.” They are caused when there is pressure between the vertebrae that causes the discs to protrude outward.
- Non-Contained Herniation (Disc Extrusion)
- Sequestered Herniation.
What are the symptoms of intervertebral disc herniation?
Symptoms of Intervertebral Disc Herniation of Cervical Spine: Numbness, tingling, and/or burning in the arm on the affected side is a common symptom of thoracic intervertebral disc herniation. Movement or activities like as bending, coughing, or sneezing may cause worsening of the pain. Arm weakness or loss of arm function.
What is intervertebral disc disease (IVDD)?
Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) has been recognized in dogs since the 1800s, when the first descriptions of extruded disc material within the vertebral canal were published. In the intervening time our understanding of intervertebral disc pathology in dogs and cats has increased dramatically, with many variations of IVDD described.
Can a herniated disc cause pain in the upper back?
Intervertebral disc herniation of thoracic spine causes mid back and rib pain or abdominal pain. It is located in the upper back. Intervertebral disc herniation of thoracic spine is not as common as intervertebral disc herniation of lumbar spine or cervical spine.
What are the different types of herniated discs in veterinary medicine?
These insights led to the subsequent classification of IVDD into Hansen Type I and Hansen Type II herniations, a system that is still widely used in veterinary medicine ( 4, 5, 9 ).