What is loya jirga?
A loya jirga (Pashto: لويه جرګه, “grand assembly”) is a special type of jirga, or legal assembly, in Pashtunwali, the traditional code of laws of the Pashtun people. In Afghanistan, loya jirgas have been reportedly organized since at least the early 18th century when the Hotaki and Durrani dynasties rose to power.
What is jirga in Afghanistan?
A jirga (originally jərga or jərgah; Pashto: جرګه) is a traditional assembly of leaders that supposed to make decisions by consensus and according to the teachings of Pashtunwali. Most jirgas are conducted in Afghanistan but also among the Pashtun tribes in neighboring Pakistan, especially in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK).
What is the name of the Afghanistan parliament?
National Assembly (Afghanistan)
What was the old name of Afghanistan?
The history of Afghanistan as a state began in 1823 as the Emirate of Afghanistan after the fall of the predecessor, the Afghan Durrani Empire, considered the founding state of modern Afghanistan.
What is a Shura in Afghanistan?
Shura (Arabic: شُورَىٰ, shūrā) is an Arabic word for “consultation”. Shura is mentioned as a praiseworthy activity often used in organizing the affairs of a mosque, Islamic organizations, and is a common term involved in naming parliaments.
How many tribes are in Afghanistan?
There are as many as 14 recognized ethnic groups in the country, with Pashtuns making up between 40 percent and 50 percent of the population. Tajiks account for about 25 percent, while Hazaras and Uzbeks are about 9 percent each. Then there are a handful of other groups in smaller numbers.
What does Afghanistan mean in English?
A landlocked country in Central Asia. Official name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Etymology: From افغان (Afğān, “Afghan”) or افغان (Afġān, “Afghan”) + ستان (-stân, “place of”).
What is Shura Japanese?
Shura, an alternate Japanese term referring to one of the six realms of reincarnation; the kanji are also used in the name for the Buddhist entities known otherwise as Asura.
What does wolsi Jirga stand for?
The House of the People or Wolesi Jirga (Persian: مجلس نمایندگان افغانستان, Pashto: د افغانستان ولسي جرگه) abbreviated WJ, is the lower house of the bicameral National Assembly of Afghanistan, alongside the upper House of Elders.
How are the members of the Wolesi Jirga elected?
Members of the Wolesi Jirga are directly elected by the people through free and fair elections. The number of members of the Wolesi Jirga is determined by the population of each constituency. The members of Wolesi Jirga as of now are 250.
What is the meaning of Loya Jirga?
Loya jirga. In the Pashtunwali, a code of laws of the Pashtun peoples living in areas of Afghanistan and Pakistan and neighboring countries, loya jirga ( Pashto: لويه جرګه , “grand assembly”) is a special type of jirga that is mainly organized for choosing a new head of state in case of sudden death, adopting a new constitution,…
What is the origin of the word Jirga?
History and Terminology. ‘Jirga’ itself is a well-known term of Mongolian origin. It referred historically to a large assembly of men forming a very broad circle, initially intended for laying siege around games or animals to be hunted for sport or for food.