# What is the delta of a swap?

## What is the delta of a swap?

A Delta Ladder is the change of an interest rate swap portfolio value given a 1 basis point (0.01%) change to the underlying. We compute zero rate based delta ladders for the purpose of estimating margins. The number of delta ladders depends on the number of underlying curves that are used to price the portfolio.

**What is the delta of an interest rate swap?**

Delta risk describes the potential for gain or loss in an interest rate swaps portfolio associated with a change in the general level of interest rates. Each new transaction changes the risk profile of the portfolio.

### How does interest swap work?

With an interest rate swap, the borrower still pays the variable rate interest payment on the loan each month. Then, the borrower makes an additional payment to the lender based on the swap rate. The swap rate is determined when the swap is set up with the lender and is unchanging from month to month.

**What is the purpose of an interest rate swap?**

Interest rate swaps usually involve the exchange of a fixed interest rate for a floating rate, or vice versa, to reduce or increase exposure to fluctuations in interest rates or to obtain a marginally lower interest rate than would have been possible without the swap.

#### How do you calculate delta?

If you have a random pair of numbers and you want to know the delta – or difference – between them, just subtract the smaller one from the larger one. For example, the delta between 3 and 6 is (6 – 3) = 3. If one of the numbers is negative, add the two numbers together.

**How is a swap priced?**

The value of a swap is its market value at any point in time. At inception, the value of an interest rate swap is zero. The price of the swap refers to the initial terms of the swap at the start of the swap’s life.

## What is the delta value?

Delta measures the degree to which an option is exposed to shifts in the price of the underlying asset (i.e., a stock) or commodity (i.e., a futures contract). Values range from 1.0 to –1.0 (or 100 to –100, depending on the convention employed).

**How do I calculate Delta in Excel?**

Delta Δ = (Of – Oi) / (Sf – Si)

- Delta Δ = ($150 – $200) / ($8,000 – $7,800)
- Delta Δ = -$0.25.

### What is Delta value?

Delta is one of four major risk measures used by options traders. Delta measures the degree to which an option is exposed to shifts in the price of the underlying asset (i.e., a stock) or commodity (i.e., a futures contract). Values range from 1.0 to –1.0 (or 100 to –100, depending on the convention employed).