# What is the drag coefficient of a sphere?

## What is the drag coefficient of a sphere?

0.5
The drag coefficient quantifies the drag or resistance of an object in a fluid environment.

Type of Object Drag Coefficient – cd – Frontal Area
Hollow semi-sphere facing stream 0.38
Bird 0.4 frontal area
Solid Hemisphere 0.42 π / 4 d2
Sphere 0.5

## How do you calculate drag force on a sphere?

He found what has become known as Stokes’ Law: the drag force F on a sphere of radius a moving through a fluid of viscosity η at speed v is given by: F=6πaηv. Note that this drag force is directly proportional to the radius.

Do all spheres have the same drag coefficient?

All spheres have the same shape, just different radii. The drag coefficient is a non-dimensional quantity which relates drag force with other key variables, like fluid velocity, density, and some physical characteristic of the body in question.

What is the relationship between drag coefficient and lift coefficient?

The lift to drag ratio (L/D) is the amount of lift generated by a wing or airfoil compared to its drag. The lift/drag ratio is used to express the relation between lift and drag and is determined by dividing the lift coefficient by the drag coefficient, CL/CD. A ratio of L/D indicates airfoil efficiency.

### What is drag and drag coefficient?

The drag coefficient is a number that aerodynamicists use to model all of the complex dependencies of shape, inclination, and flow conditions on aircraft drag. The drag coefficient then expresses the ratio of the drag force to the force produced by the dynamic pressure times the area.

### How do you calculate drag force from drag coefficient?

The drag coefficient Cd is equal to the drag D divided by the quantity: density r times half the velocity V squared times the reference area A. The drag coefficient then expresses the ratio of the drag force to the force produced by the dynamic pressure times the area.

Does drag coefficient change with velocity?

It depends on the velocity of the flow, the surface area of the body, and the characteristics of the surface. For all the velocities, the drag coefficient of the position with the arms extended at the front was lower than the drag coefficient of the position with the arms along the trunk.

What determines the drag coefficient?

The drag coefficient is a number that aerodynamicists use to model all of the complex dependencies of shape, inclination, and flow conditions on aircraft drag. The drag coefficient Cd is equal to the drag D divided by the quantity: density r times half the velocity V squared times the reference area A.

#### Why does drag coefficient increase with lift coefficient?

At low angles, the drag is nearly constant. The effect is called induced drag or drag due to lift. The flow around the wing tips of a finite wing create an “induced” angle of attack on the wing near the tips. As the angle increases, the lift coefficient increases and this changes the amount of the induced drag.

#### What does the drag coefficient depend on?

velocity
Drag is associated with the movement of the aircraft through the air, so drag depends on the velocity of the air. Like lift, drag actually varies with the square of the relative velocity between the object and the air.

What affects pressure drag?

Pressure drag is caused by the air particles being more compressed (pushed together) on the front-facing surfaces and more spaced out on the back surfaces. This is caused when the layers of air separate away from the surface and begin to swirl – this is called turbulent flow. Note how the wing shape reduces this.

What is the drag of a sphere?

Drag of a Sphere. The drag force is a component of force acting parallel to the direction of motion of the body. In the ca e of flow over a phere skin friction drag and boundary layer normal pressure drag contribute to the total drag.

## What is the equation for drag coefficient?

This equation is simply a rearrangement of the drag equation where we solve for the drag coefficient in terms of the other variables. The drag coefficient Cd is equal to the drag D divided by the quantity: density r times half the velocity V squared times the reference area A.

## What does drag coefficient depend on?

The Object. If we think of drag as aerodynamic friction, the amount of drag depends on the surface roughness of the object; a smooth, waxed surface produces less drag than a roughened surface. This effect is called skin friction and is usually included in the measured drag coefficient of the object.

How do you calculate drag?

The drag equation states that drag D is equal to the drag coefficient Cd times the density r times half of the velocity V squared times the reference area A. D = Cd * A * .5 * r * V^2. For given air conditions, shape, and inclination of the object, we must determine a value for Cd to determine drag. 