Which types of drugs taken by a pregnant patient are more likely to have effects on a fetus quizlet?

Which types of drugs taken by a pregnant patient are more likely to have effects on a fetus quizlet?

“Street” Drugs A pregnant woman who uses drugs like cocaine, crack, heroin and methadone may have a baby born addicted to the substances she took during her pregnancy. Cocaine is one of the most harmful drugs to unborn babies.

What substances cause birth defects?

Each of the following drugs or drug groups may cause birth defects in a developing fetus:

  • ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors.
  • angiotensin II antagonist.
  • isotretinoin (an acne drug)
  • alcohol.
  • cocaine.
  • high doses of vitamin A.
  • lithium.
  • male hormones.

What are the causes of hypoglycemia in neonates?

What causes hypoglycemia in a newborn baby?

  • Poor nutrition for the mother during pregnancy.
  • Making too much insulin because the mother has poorly controlled diabetes.
  • Incompatible blood types of mother and baby (severe hemolytic disease of the newborn)

What does FDA pregnancy category C mean?

Category C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.

Which type of drugs readily crosses the placenta?

Volatile anaesthetic agents readily cross the placenta as they are highly lipid soluble and have low molecular weights. A prolonged dose-delivery interval results in greater transfer and therefore a greater sedative effect on the neonate. Nitrous oxide also crosses the placenta rapidly.

During which stage of pregnancy would a teratogen cause neural tube defects?

The riskiest times of pregnancy As a baby grows in the womb, teratogens may affect parts of the baby’s body as they are forming. For example, the neural tube closes in the first 3 to 5 weeks of the pregnancy. During this time, teratogens can cause neural tube defects such as spina bifida.

What drugs can cause stillbirth?

Smoking tobacco or marijuana, taking prescription painkillers, or using illegal drugs during pregnancy is associated with double or even triple the risk of stillbirth, according to research funded by the National Institutes of Health.


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