What are examples of carbohydrates lipids proteins and nucleic acids?
Comparing the Biological Macromolecules
|Macromolecule||Basic Formula, key features||Examples|
|Lipids||C:H:O Greater than 2:1 H:O (carboxyl group)||Butter, oil, cholesterol, beeswax|
|Carbohydrates||C:H:O 1:2:1||Glucose, Fructose, Starch, Glycogen, Cellulose|
|Nucleic Acids||CHONP pentose, nitrogenous base, phosphate||DNA, RNA|
What are carbohydrates lipids proteins and nucleic acids made of?
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids are the four major classes of biological macromolecules—large molecules necessary for life that are built from smaller organic molecules. Macromolecules are made up of single units known as monomers that are joined by covalent bonds to form larger polymers.
What are the functions of carbohydrates lipids nucleic acids and proteins?
Like carbohydrates, lipids are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. In addition to storing energy, lipids help build certain hormones; provide insulation; and form cell membranes. Proteins contain atoms from the main three elements plus nitrogen. They are formed from 21 types of monomers called amino acids.
What are the 2 examples of nucleic acids?
The two main classes of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA is the master blueprint for life and constitutes the genetic material in all free-living organisms and most viruses.
What do carbohydrates proteins and nucleic acids have in common?
Proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and carbohydrates all have certain characteristics in common. What are the common characteristics? They all contain the element carbon. They contain simpler units that are linked together making larger molecules.
What are 4 examples of nucleic acids?
Examples of Nucleic Acids
- deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
- ribonucleic acid (RNA)
- messenger RNA (mRNA)
- transfer RNA (tRNA)
- ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
How are proteins and nucleic acids related?
The functions of nucleic acids have to do with the storage and expression of genetic information. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) encodes the information the cell needs to make proteins. A related type of nucleic acid, called ribonucleic acid (RNA), comes in different molecular forms that participate in protein synthesis.
What do lipids and nucleic acids and proteins have in common?